Background For patients with acute ischemic stroke undergoing endovascular mechanical thrombectomy with x-ray angiography, the use of adjuncts to maintain vessel patency, such as stents or antiplatelet medications, can increase risk of periprocedural complications. Criteria for using these adjuncts are not well defined. Purpose To evaluate use of MRI to guide critical decision making by using a combined biplane x-ray neuroangiography 3.0-T MRI suite during acute ischemic stroke intervention. Materials and Methods This retrospective observational study evaluated consecutive patients undergoing endovascular intervention for acute ischemic stroke between July 2019 and May 2020 who underwent either angiography with MRI or angiography alone. Cerebral tissue viability was assessed by using MRI as the reference standard. For statistical analysis, Fisher exact test and Student t test were used to compare groups. Results Of 47 patients undergoing acute stroke intervention, 12 patients (median age, 69 years; interquartile range, 60-77 years; nine men) underwent x-ray angiography with MRI whereas the remaining 35 patients (median age, 80 years; interquartile range, 68-86 years; 22 men) underwent angiography alone. MRI results influenced clinical decision making in one of three ways: whether or not to perform initial or additional mechanical thrombectomy, whether or not to place an intracranial stent, and administration of antithrombotic or blood pressure medications. In this initial experience, decision making during endovascular acute stroke intervention in the combined angiography-MRI suite was better informed at MRI, such that therapy was guided in real time by the viability of the at-risk cerebral tissue. Conclusion Integrating intraprocedural 3.0-T MRI into acute ischemic stroke treatment was feasible and guided decisions of whether or not to continue thrombectomy, to place stents, or to administer antithrombotic medication or provide blood pressure medications.
Surgery in humans is continuously evolving and promoted minimally invasive treatment. On the other hand, despite the importance of the 3Rs principles for experimental animals is well documented, no reports describe specific methodologies for implementing "refinement" in practice. Here, we describe a new technique, the "Ohta Method" for caudal arthrocentesis in the pursuit of the 3Rs for animal experiments and the development of innovative methods for investigating systemic organ arteries through minimally invasive procedures. This procedure requires only a percutaneous puncture of the caudal artery without any injury to the limb or body trunk. In addition, it does not cut down the artery, making haemostasis easier and recovering arterial damage easier. We will show multiple organ artery angiographies in marmoset for the first time in the world. The principle described in this paper could also be applied to many other small animals, such as rats. Moreover, using this method, multiple doses of the drug or cells can be administered to the target organ at the time of therapeutic intervention, thereby enabling the establishment of more sophisticated and complex therapeutic intervention studies as translational research.
Selecting the appropriate Woven EndoBridge (WEB) device sizing for the treatment of wide-neck bifurcation aneurysms (WNBAs) remains challenging. The aim of this study was to evaluate different volumetric-based imaging methodologies to predict an accurate WEB device size selection to result in a successful implantation. Methods: All consecutive patients treated with WEB devices for intracranial aneurysms from January 2019 to June 2020 were included. Aneurysm dimensions to calculate aneurysm volumes were measured using three different modalities: automated three-dimensional (3D) digital subtraction angiography (DSA), manual 3D DSA, and two-dimensional (2D) DSA. The device–aneurysm volume (DAV) ratio was defined as device volume divided by the aneurysm volume. WEB volumes and the DAV ratios were used for assessing the device implantation success and follow-up angiographic outcomes at six months. Pearson correlation, Wilcoxon Rank Sum test, and density approximations were used for estimating the WEB volumes and the imaging modality volumes for successful implantation. Results: A total of 41 patients with 43 aneurysms were included in the study. WEB device and aneurysm volume correlation coefficient was highest for 3D automatic (r = 0.943), followed by 3D manual (r = 0.919), and 2D DSA (r = 0.882) measurements. Measured median volumes were significantly different for 3D automatic and 2D DSA (p = 0.017). The highest rate of successful implantation (87.5%) was between 0.6 and 0.8 DAV ratio. Conclusion: Pre-procedural assessment of DAV ratios may increase WEB device implantation success. Our results suggest that volumetric measurements, especially using automated 3D volumes of the aneurysms, can assist in accurate WEB device size selection.
Evidence is growing to support minimally invasive surgical evacuation of intraparenchymal hematomas, particularly those with minimal residual hematoma volumes following evacuation. To maximize the potential for neurologic recovery, it is imperative that the trajectory for access to the hematoma minimizes disruption of normal parenchyma. Flat panel detector CT-based navigation and needle guidance software provides a platform that uses flat panel detector CT imaging obtained on the angiography table to aid reliable and safe access to the hematoma. In addition to providing a high degree of accuracy, this method also allows convenient and rapid re-imaging to assess navigation accuracy and the degree of hematoma evacuation prior to procedural completion. We provide a practical review of the syngo iGuide needle guidance software and the methodology for incorporating its use, and the software of other vendors, in a variety of minimally invasive methods for evacuation of intraparenchymal hematomas.
Sporadic brain arteriovenous malformation (BAVM) is a tangled vascular lesion characterized by direct artery-to-vein connections that can cause life-threatening intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Recently, somatic mutations in KRAS have been reported in sporadic BAVM, and mutations in other mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway genes have been identified in other vascular malformations. The objectives of this study were to systematically evaluate somatic mutations in MAPK pathway genes in patients with sporadic BAVM lesions and to evaluate the association of somatic mutations with phenotypes of sporadic BAVM severity.
We reviewed the clinical outcomes of a procedure that combines endovascular embolization and a direct surgical approach in a hybrid operating room (OR) for the treatment of refractory dural arteriovenous fistulas (dAVFs).
Coil compaction is directly related to the degree of cerebral aneurysmal recanalization. The degree of recanalization (DoR) was quantified by measuring the volume vacated by coil deformation. The purpose of this study was to clarify the hemodynamic and morphologic factors associated with coil compaction
Initial syngo DynaCT Multiphase run before thrombectomy